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Question (22 Safar 1424/Apr. 24, 2003)


For Kaaf,Ha,Ya,'Ain,Saad.  
For 'Ain, is it sufficient to say that 'ain is the follower of leen without saying that we have to read with ikhfa' since the last letter ( noon ) comes before Saad? Is it permissible to read with four counts while the other harfi letters are read with 6 counts?

For Saad, I know that it is mad lazim harfi mukhaffaf letter, but do I have to say it has qalqalah kubra because of stopping? How to stop at this it with qalqalah kubra?

I have this questions because we were given a test, and some of my friends answered like the above (stating that 'ain should be read with ikhfa' and in shaad there is a qalqalah kubra). I only answered that 'ain is the follower of leen and saad is maad lazim harfi muthaqqal, so is this imperfect
answer? I need to know this so that I can explain others the perfect answer.
JazakumuLlah khairan katheera.


Question/Comment (21 Safar 1424/Apr. 23, 2003)


Jzkk for the site. IMHO (in my humble opinion), you should give flexibility to Muslims on the proper way to read Al Qur’an. I understand that you wish to promote Hafs an 'Asim by the way of Shatabiah, but on the other hand, you are not making it easy for the people to try their best to read Al Qur’an.

Al Qur’an is not for the  the elite of the muslimoon. Allah had revealed Al Qur'an to mankind. It is not reserved for shuyookh per se.

For example, I found out that Husary  made his mud jaiz munfassil two harakaat in most of  his qiraat. It really made my life easier and I don’t have to stop unnecessarily. You already mentioned that the knowledge of tajweed is fardh kifayah but practicing it is fardh 'ain, so it is not obligatory for ALL Muslims to know the mechanics of tajweed.

Why don't you make it easy for the people, telling them it is okay to read the mud j aiz munfassil as two harakaat rather than sternly saying "this is not our opinion". We should make people love Al Qur’an not shy away from them.

I once read mud jaiz with two harakaat and one brother came up to me and interrogated me and somewhat "forced" his opinion of mud jaiz munfassil as four or five. Now, is this the spirit of Al Qur’an?

One more thing, the site on most common error in tajweed. IMHO, there are many non Arab readers and syuyukh especially in Mauritania and Senegal . We have been trying to eradicate the dogma that  Al Qur’an is for Arabs only and I don't think by classifying readers of Al Qur’an as Arab and non Arab as tactful. Reading with tajweed is a skill. It is not innate or inherent. I don't hear any Arab who goes to learn tajweed had to skip the makharij of huruf class.

IMHO, the first mistake that many Al Qur’an teacher of institution make is to give the notion that Al Qur’an is difficult or the Arabic language for that matter. This is clearly not in line with what Allah has said, "wa laqad yassarnal Qurana lidhikri fa hal mim muddakir".

Next, I think you ought to give alternatives. It is good that you are telling the people they ought to find a certified teacher to teach them Al Qur’an. The next  best thing is to provide them addresses, Islamic centers or cities in the USA (if this site is USA-based) where these individuals can be found.

It is bad enough that we common people are being criticised for not reading with tajweed, at least tell us where to go. JazakAllahu khairan for your effort, may Allah accept it as a good deed.


Question (18 Safar 1424/Apr. 20, 2003)

Assalamu alaykum we are one little school of hifz of Qur’an from Bosnia and Herzegovina . We are from Sarajevo and we are trying to find best way to learn whole Qur’an by heart. We have many students here also in four years we have four hafizs. If you have any material or lessons about hifz and methods of learning Qur’an by heart or lessons about psychology of learning can you please send to us. May Allah Subhanehu gives you His jannet and jazakumullahu khayran.  Hifz of Qur’an and tajweed rules Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina .


Question (15 Safar 1424/Apr. 17, 2003)

Is it permissible to pronounce wa ladaaleen in al-fatihah as wa ladhaaleen. someone told me that the qir’aah of ibn Katheer pronounced daaleen as dhaaleen with a dhaal. explain this to me.


Question (14 Safar 1424/Apr. 16, 2003)

Salamu-alaykum.  I would like to know what is the correct way to understand the tajweed rule in surah (Al-Qiyaamah 29) 75:29

the phrase [bismillah] {wal}:wa'un-lamun sakun}, however, I thought the ta'un was a shams letter, which the wa'un would connect (sakin) with the ta'un. therefore, I thought the the phrase would be [bismilah] {wattaffa}: excuse my phonetic narration, I did not have Arabic windows/ or keyboard software. 

Wy thought was that the lamum is part of the word which is the tri-literal root of LAFAFA.

Please explain in detail, and recommend any books I can study from.



Question (10 Safar 1424/Apr. 12, 2003)

I am a student at Airlangga University , working on thesis about tajweed. I have read your pages, and I have some questions :

1. Does Tajwid have a relation with Arabic phonology ?

2. In some phonological processes in Tajwid, such as assimilation, does it have the same rules with Arabic phonology ?

 Please kindly explain. Thank you.

 Awaiting your soonest response.


Question (9 Safar 1424/Apr. 11, 2003)

Assalamu 'alaikum,

I have some questions regarding the different recitations revealed to Muhammad (SAS), and their preservation:

1) We have ten readings that are 'mutatwaatir' from our prophet, what exactly is meant by this?

2) We have some other readings (at least four from what I gather) that are 'shaadh'. What is meant by this? How many are there? Have they been preserved or lost, and where does this stand when Allaah says He will preserve the Qur’an for us?

3) What exactly did Uthman (RA) preserve in his musshaffs - just the readings we have that we call mutawaatir? I heard it is not permissible to recite shaadh readings , but I don't understand why, if there is a saheeh chain back to the prophet (SAS), one cannot....why is there doubt?

Jazaak Allahu khayran for your efforts


Question (8 Safar 1424/Apr. 10, 2003)

As salaamu alaikum.  

With regrets I by myself agree so far I have not completed the whole Qur’an and may Allah bestow me to read the glorious Qur’an. hope to hear from you. 

Allah hafiz


Question (7 Safar 1424/Apr. 9, 2003)

As-Salaamu alaykum,

I have noticed that most of the Arabs I have met, including those that give instruction in tajweed, do not pronounce dhaad from the posterior side of the tongue.  Instead, in their colloquial speech they pronounce it exactly like Dhaa' or they pronounce it as a daal with tafkheem from the makhraj of Taa'.  Even in reciting the Qur'aan some teachers instruct you to pronounce it with the tip of the tongue.  I was actually surprised how few of the Arabs I met knew the proper pronunciation of dhaad. I was just wondering is there any country or area where the people still pronounce dhaad from the side of the tongue.

Jazakumullahu khairan
As-Salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh


Question (3 Safar 1424/Apr. 5, 2003)

Assalaamu alaikum
I have come across your site a few days ago and am already very impressed
and pleased by it.  It is exactly the type of information that I need. 
May Allah reward you, and make this project successful.

My problem is with pronouncing both r (raa) and w (waw).  When I say one
of them, they both sound the same in my ears.  Also when I say them they
sound the same (NB. the problem is also with my English pronunciation of
these letters).

I have read your descriptions of "r" i.e. hit/strike the gums of the front
incisors with the tongue tip (and the top of the tip).  But can you tell
me what shape my mouth/jaw/lips should be.  In what position do they
start, go into, and end in.

May Allah give you Jannah.  


Question (2 Safar 1424/Apr. 4, 2003)

Assalamu Alaikum Warahmatullah wabarakaatuh

 1. Are there any books available in English which teach the Qira'at Al Asharah. There are books available in Arabic but I am not of those who can understand Arabiyyah.

 2. What Naseehah would you give to someone who wants to learn the Qur'an in another Riwaayah. I have been brought up to read in Hafs an Asim qiraa'ah but would like to learn more. Again I do not understand Arabic so books in Arabic would not be of use. Jazakallah for your time


Question  (1 Muharram 1424/Mar. 4, 2003)

As-Salaamu alaykum,

I had asked about alif at-tafkheem.  I found an explanation on the site in the kitaab at-tamheed fii 3ilm tajweed by Imaam al-Jazaree under the twenty second section of al-7aroof al-mashrabah.

It said that alif mufakhkhamah is when the sound of alif becomes close to the sound of waaw and that it is used in the recital of Warsh.


As-Salaamu alaykum