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Question (29 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/Aug. 8, 2002)

Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

I have four questions which I hope you can clarify for me please.  I am in need of the answers quite urgently, jazakumullahu khayran.

1. In surah tawba ayah 49,  if we make ibtida (start) on , do we read with yaa maddiyah (kasrah on hamzah wasl) or with waaw maddiyah (dhammah on hamzah wasl)?

2. For waqf taanuq -embracing stop (eg Baqarah:  ) can we continue through both stops without stopping on either?

3. Regarding Hujuraat ayah 11, you mentioned in one of your previous answers two ways of reading '. Could you clarify these two ways (perhaps writing out both ways as they are pronounced to ease understanding)?

4. Is ikhtilaas () an allowed method of stopping at the end of a word like rawm and ishmaam? Is it for dhammah and kasra (like rawm) or just for dhammah (like ishmaam)? 

Your speedy reply is very much appreciated. 

Jazakallahu khayran

wa salaam

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Question (26 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/Aug. 5, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatu Allah,

Could you please clarify this passage in your current "Tidbit" lesson:

"All beginnings after or  are allowed, but beginnings after cutting off ( ) should only be after a .  Beginning after a   is allowed only if the beginning is the start of an aayah and  can only be after a stop, never after " 

It is the part that I've underlined that isn't clear to me; I understood that to begin after cutting off the reading entirely i.e.  , the reader begins after a "complete stop" () so that the reader starts at the beginning of a new subject.  My question is what is meant when it then says that can only be after a stop, never after " Jazakumu Allahu khair. 

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Question (23 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/Aug. 1, 2002)

Assalaam alaikum.
I was wondering if there is an age limit to learning tajweed.  Do you have to learn tajweed at a young age or can you start when you are in your twenties?  I am 24 and I was wondering if it's too late to learn tajweed at a beginner's level.
Thank You

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Question (20 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 30, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum.  Could you please give some pointers to someone who has trouble differentiating between the sound of the letter  and the letter  .  May Allah reward you for your site and help.

Also I would like to say thank you for the download about The Manners of the Seekers of knowledge and Students of the Qur'an.  May Allah reward you for this valuable information.

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Question (15 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 25, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatu Allah wa barakatuh.  Could you kindly explain why  Imaam Al-Jazaree in his poem,  " Al- Jazariyya"  has emphasized the shape of the mouth rather than the sound itself when he says that if you see a reader who doesn't round his mouth for pronouncing the dhammah that we should know that he is a reader "falling short" in his reading?

2. And also what is meant when he, may Allah have mercy on him, says: "and return each one (i.e. letter) to its original - and the utterance of it's look-alike is like itself - completely without "takalluf" ()..." Could you please explain this last word? (I apologize for the poor attempt at translating the wise words of the scholar...) And perhaps give some example of how we could be making this mistake (takalluf) in our reading?

Jazakumu Allahu khaira.

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Question (12 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 22, 2002)

The Friday sermon must be Arabic. What about English the community is 100 %
English speaking.  Help me on this as-salaam alaikum

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Question (10 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 20, 2002)

Assalaam alaikum. Could you please tell me if reading a certain way during a passage of the Majestic Qur'an which refers to Paradise and Allah's Most High's reward and so on (and may we be of it's recipients!) and then reading a different way during a passage referring to Allah Most High's punishment (and may we be preserved from it!) is part of Tajweed? May Allah reward you for your help.

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Question (6 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 16, 2002)

Assalamualaikum,

 I would like to ask here about the sifaatul huruf. I know the meaning of them in my language but am unable to practice correctly (because my teacher always said I left 'zaman' when I read the hams and the letters with syaddah. Do I need to give zaman to all of the letters of hams and letters with syaddah on them? When I read, I feel that I already pause for a moment but my teacher keeps correcting me, so is it a sinful if I didn't read very well. Alhamdulillah I know all the hukums (noon saakinah, lam saakinah, mad, idgham, ghunnah) but my biggest trouble is this sifaatul huruf.  

Jazakamullah for your help, may Allah reward you. 

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Question (5 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 15, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatu Allah

Jazakum Allahu bi kulli khair for your teaching, time and effort.

In answer to a question dated: (27 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 8, 2002) about the differences in the various ways of reading it is mentioned that the seven qir'aat outlined in the Shaatibiyyah poem are all "min tareeq Ash-Shaatibiyyah" which must mean, in other words "following the rules as outlined in the Shaatibiyyah.  Did I understand that right? 

And are the three ways of reading covered in Imam al Jazaree's poem, the Durrah, called "min tareeq ad-Durrah"? 

What does min Tareeq at-Tayyibah refer to and to what reading does it apply?  

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Question (3 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 13, 2002)

ASSALAMU ALEYKUM:

First I would like to thank you for your very helpful site.
Please keep up the good work.

My question is bout the letters "ta" and "kaf".
Both are of "ASH-SHADDAH" and "AL-HAMS". Hence the sound should stop but
the breath should flow when pronouncing them.

When I was listening to Al-Husary the flowing of breath is prominent when
"ta" or "kaf" are saakinah and when he stops; Like in the ending of the first few aayaat of 81st surah or 82nd surah:



However the flow of breath is not noticeable in the following letters which
are also saakin, but he continues in reading.

1st ayah of 111th surah: "
  ">>the 2nd "ta"
4th ayah of 84th surah: "
  " >>>the 1st "kaf"

Could you please clarify this issue for me?
Thanx for your earliest attention.

Jazakum ALLAHu Khayran 

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Question (2 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 12, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum.

Can you please explain to me the terms, iqlab and ikhfa.

Jazakhallah khairan
 

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Question (1 Jamada-l-Oolaa 1423/July 11, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,

There is something that has been bothering me for a very long time and it is confusing me: What is the length of a 'harakah'?
I have read some books and asked this to some brothers (some of them qaris with isnaad) and I have had the following three very different responses:

1) It is the length of a vowel count (i.e. one fat-hah, dhammah or kasrah) - I think this is what your site says, also al-waafy sharh of Shaatibiyyah works in "harakaat", I assume it literally means vowels.

2) It is the length of one alif (an Nashr works in alifaat, see baabul madd wal qasr)?

3) It is none of the above, but the length of time it takes you to flex or
extend your finger. (Some english books define 1 'harakah' as this)

Please tell me what is going on.
Having listened carefully to the Hafs shaatibiyyah CD sets of the Sheikhs Mahmud al-Husary, Abdul Baset AbdusSamad, Mohammad al-Minshawi and others it seems to me that number 2 above is what the Reciters do in practice. (i.e. wa laddaaaaaaleen a the end of fatihah is an extension of six of the reciters normal alifs). 

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