copyright 2007 abouttajweed.com, all rights reserved

Question

Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

I have four questions which I hope you can clarify for me please.  I am in need of the answers quite urgently, jazakumullahu khayran.

1. In surah tawba ayah 49,  if we make ibtida (start) on , do we read with yaa maddiyah (kasrah on hamzah wasl) or with waaw maddiyah (dhammah on hamzah wasl)?

2. For waqf taanuq -embracing stop (eg Baqarah:  ) can we continue through both stops without stopping on either?

3. Regarding Hujuraat ayah 11, you mentioned in one of your previous answers two ways of reading '. Could you clarify these two ways (perhaps writing out both ways as they are pronounced to ease understanding)?

4. Is ikhtilaas () an allowed method of stopping at the end of a word like rawm and ishmaam? Is it for dhammah and kasra (like rawm) or just for dhammah (like ishmaam)? 

Your speedy reply is very much appreciated. 

Jazakallahu khayran

wa salaam

Answer

Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatu Allahi wa barakatuh,

1.  The word , is a verb starting with hamzah al-wasl, followed by a hamzah al-qata' saakinah.  When starting a verb that has a hamzah al-wasl as the first letter, we look at the vowel on the third letter of the verb, if it is a fat-h or a kasrah, then we start the hamzah al-wasl with a kasrah; if the third letter (the hamzah al-wasl is counted as the first letter) has an original dhammah, then we start the hamzah al-wasl with a dhammah. 
In this case, the third letter, the letter , has a fat-h, so we would start the word with a kasrah on the hamzah al-wasl.  Now, we will have two hamzahs next to each other, the first with a vowel, the second saakinah.  The rule of madd badl is that when there are two hamzahs next to each other in one word, the first voweled, the second saakinah, the second hamzah is changed into a medd letter of the same type as the vowel on the first hamzah.  Since, we have determined that the first hamzah will have a kasrah on it, the second will become a ya' mediyyah.  The word will then be pronounced (only when starting this word)

2.   The answer is yes, you can read  without stopping on either of the marks. Although it isn't the preferred reading, there is nothing sinful or forbidden in it. 

 

3.  In surah Al-Hujuraat, aayah 11, , the word  has two hamzah al-wasl, one on the word , the other preceding the letter laam in the .   The  of the definite article, is saakinah normally, and the first hamzah wasl is on the beginning of the word to link us over to the  saakinah.  The letter immediately following the  is a hamzah wasl, so is ignored, as it is only used when it is at the beginning of a word and we are starting on a word.  The letter after that is a  saakinah.  There is a rule in Arabic that there cannot be two saakinah letters juxtaposed, and we have the situation here where the  and  are two pronounced letters next to each other, each with a sukoon, so the  then acquires a presented kasrah to solve the situation. 
When starting this word, with hamzah al-wasl, there would be a fat-h on the hamzah wasl before a  of ta'reef; but the  has acquired a kasrah, so the hamzah wasl is not necessarily needed.  There are then two ways of starting this word, one employing the hamzah wasl, meaning it is pronounced as:
with a kasrah on the and a fat-h on the hamzah wasl; or the second way, dropping the hamzah wasl that is not necessarily needed due to the presented vowel on the  , pronounced then as: .   
These two possibilities are only when starting the word.  When reading this word in the aayah in continuum with that which precedes it, it is read with no hamzah wasl used and only one way of reading it.   The reader goes directly from the fat-h on the letter  of the word  to the  with the kasrah in , so it is pronounced as:  . 

 

4.  The only time Hafs 'an 'Aasim uses  as a possible way of reading is in the word .  It is not used as an allowable way of stopping the way we read. 

Wa iyyakum.  Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatu Allah.