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Question (28 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 9, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,

Thank you very much for answering my previous questions.

I have noticed that in the Medinan mus-haf there are some signs that I don't understand fully. They are a small round 'haa' floating above some
letters (eg.,, )

and a small circle floating above an alif (eg. in surah al-insan  ,
 in surah al-kaafiroon  ).

1) What are the rulings for waqf (stop) and wasl (continuation) on such letters?
2) What are the two ways of stopping on "" in sura Al-Insan?

May Allaah reward you for your efforts.
Was salam


Question (27 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 8, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,
I have gone to the site that you recommended to me and have
perused the tables on the differences between the various turuq of Hafs. I
have not been able to find the tareeq of ad-Durrah, which is very commonly
recited (to the best of my knowledge reciters on cassettes etc. recite in
Shatibiyyah or ad-Durrah and not much else).
Is the tareeq there under a different name that I don't know of? If it is
not there could you please tell me the variations (ie. what are the lengths
of madd, rulings on ta'mannaa in Yusuf, saads changing to seens etc.) so I
could add it to one of the tables.
Was salam


Question (26 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 7, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,

A question regarding some optional tas-heels in Hafs 'an 'Aasim. In the word
"aadhakarayn" there are, to my (little) understanding, two ways of saying
this in the tareeq of shaatibiyyah (and tayseer and tadhkirah in fact):
1) Ibdaal of the hamzah wasl, where you do a madd of six counts
2) Tas-heel of the second hamzah (the hamzah wasl)
Now in some other turuq of hafs you can either only do ibdaal, or only
tassheel. My question is what of the words "aal'aana" and "aallaahu" - are
there two ways of saying these as well (i.e. ibdaal/tassheel), and if so do
these two words vary between the turuq of Hafs also? If they do then what
are the rulings in Shaatibiyyah?

Jazaakumullaahu Khairan
Wassalaamu 'alaikum


Question (25 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 6, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,

We have learned that we can stop on a word that ends in, for example a dhamma, with:

1. a "pure" sukoon,

2. or rawm (a partial dhamma) 

3. or ishmaam (a sign from the two lips for a dhamma but without sound). 

The question is: can we then stop on any word that ends with a dhamma with any of these 3 ways of stopping? I am wondering because I don't think I've ever noticed the Reciters, may Allah bless them, on the cassettes etc...using the rawm for example. 


Question (23 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 4, 2002)

Assalamualaikum wbt, 

I would like to clarify my understanding on Mad Lazim Harfi Muthaqqal and Mukhaffaf.

In the phrase alif, lam mim, sad,  () is it correct if I say the letter mim is a mad harfi mukhaffaf because the last letter (mim with a fixed sukoon) does not merge with the letter Sad? And the letter lam also a mad lazim harfi muthaqqal because the last letter (mim) is merged into the next mim? 

Is the term 'merge' here has the same meaning as in idgham and ikhfa' which requires ghunnah? Is it correct if I say that in the phrase 'ain, siin, qaf the letters 'ain will be leen and the letter siin is a mad lazim harfi muthaqqal because the last letter (nun) is merged with the letter qaf? 

Jazaakumullah khoir. 


Question (20 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/July 1, 2002)

Dear brother Assalammualaikum w.b.,
I am interested to obtain a copy of the Holy Quran and to read it in English. It is translated by Yusuf Ali and is called TRANSLITERATION of the Holy Qur'an published by Sh.Muhammad Ashraf Publishers Lahore Pakistan.
I need your help to get at least 2 copies to start with please.
Thank you. Jazakallah.


Question (18 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 29, 2002)

Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah

I would like to ask your help in clarifying the lengthening patterns used in the single or set of letters used at the starting of certain suras (e.g., Taa-Haa, Yaa-Siin). In a previous lesson, you have nicely explained to us that those letters could be categorized depending on the spelling of their names (unless I misunderstood the lesson or forgot it). 

I have noticed that in the letters haa-miim, for example, miim has the madda sign but not haa, and the same rule seems to apply to the other letters with a final hamza in the spelling of their name, like yaa and raa. Yet we know that one case of required lengthening (extra-lengthening of 4 or more vowel counts rather than 2 for the ordinary lengthening) in the recitation of the Qur'an is when hamza follows a long vowel. Based on that rule I would expect that the letters haa, yaa, etc should bear the madda (sign for extra-lengthening) and not the other letters, like siin, which have no hamza. We do know that at the end of the word, if the reciters stop, letters like miim in this example can have extra-lengthening (because the final letter is given a sukun after a long vowel). But in that case, at most I would expect that the letters having hamza in their spelling too bear the madda sign like the others.  

If there is any rule, I will highly appreciate your explanation. Of course, we know that certain things in the recitation of the Qur'an were just transmitted to us as such from the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). If this is the case with the lengthening of those letters, there is no problem.


Question (16 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 27, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,
Not a question, just a bit of info regarding a recent question on your site about qira'aat. There is a very good website: that I found and it has audio examples of the ten recitations. Go into the Arabic section and you'll find juzz 'amma and miscellaneous parts of the Qur'an in different riwayaat. The site has got some useful poems on tajweed as well (including Shaatibyyah).

Was salam


Question (16 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 27, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum,

Quick question about how to do a couple of saktahs in Hafs min tareeq ish Shaatibiyyah:

1) In surah Al-Kahf (18:1-2),   when continuing would I say "wa lam yaj(er) 'allahuu 'iwa jan [hold my breath] qayyiman" OR would I say "wa lam yaj(er) 'allahuu 'iwa jaa [hold my breath] qayyiman"

2) Between surahs Al-Anfaal and At-Tawbah (8 and 9)  if I wanted to do a sakt would I say "shay in 'aleemun [hold my breath] baraaaa'atun" OR would I say "shay in 'aleem [hold my breath] baraaaa'atun". If this latter case is true how long can I make the madd in "'aleem"?

Thanks. Was salaam


Question (16 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 27, 2002)

Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah. 

The name of Prophet Ibrhm (peace be upon him) is sometimes (e.g., li 'Imrn, 3:33;  Al-A'l, 87:19) written with a regular y  for lengthening the vowel of the h and sometimes (e.g., Al-Baqara, 2:258) with a small y . Could you please help me understand this situation? Should it be considered as part of the mystery of the Quran, compared to the spelling of words like salat or zakat, already explained in some of your earlier replies? Are there other similar cases in the holy Book? May Allah reward your effort in helping.
Wassalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah


Question (14 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 25, 2002)

Assalaam alaikum.  Does your site plan on putting information different Qira'aat. Do you recommend any efforts that currently undertaken for this unique science?


Question (10 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 21, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum to you and Allah's blessings.

We have a question which one student was asking in our tajweed class; we were wondering if, insha Allah, you could help us out as we don't know the answer.

She was asking why the wow maddiyyah followed by a regular wow (ghair maddiyya) with a vowel on it or a ya' maddiyya followed by a regular unlengthened ya' (ghair maddiyya) with a vowel on it were cited as exceptions to the idgham sagheer mutamathilain when they aren't mutamathilaan?

As for ex. in this aayah from surah Al Bayyinah:

We are grateful to be able to address our questions to you and pray that Allah reward you.


Question (9 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 20, 2002)

Assalaam alaikum.  Would you have any information regarding the word in this ayah?  Would the name of Makkah al Mukarramah (as we know it now) have changed from Bakkah (as in the ayah) to Makkah due the same articulation point of meem and ba and an ease on the ba so it changed over time to meem?

Interpretation of the meaning: Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-'Alamn (the mankind and jinns).

Jazakumullahu khair.


Question (6 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 17, 2002)

As salaamu alaikum,

I want to learn, but am limited in the way of resources.  Insha' Allah, I will gain some resources.  Are there any resources available to assist me in learning Arabic?  Your response will be greatly appreciated.


Question (4 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1423/June 13, 2002)

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh

Ibdaal, Ishmaam, and Tas-heel.

Can you explain these concepts with examples?

May Allaah reward you with the highest level of paradise. This website is excellent masha'Allaah!