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Question (29 Rajab1428/Aug. 12, 2007)

Asalaam u alaykum, may Allah reward you for your beautiful website, I just would like to know the  tajweed rules for the azaan would it be possible for
you to explain the main rules for the azaan and iqamah and what are the common mistakes people make that we must avoid.

Also if possible could you explain the common major mistakes in surah faatiha that we should avoid, and what type of tajweed mistake would invalidate your recitation of the fatiha if recited.

JazakAllah Khair


Question (27 Rajab1428/Aug. 10, 2007)


Salam wa rahmah

In your introduction you say that there are only 9 principles, however I have learnt according to the poem that there are 10.

1. Al hadd
2. almawdhu'
3. Ath-thamar
4. Alfadhl
5. nisba
6. waadhi'
7. Al'ism
8. Alistimdad

9. Hukm Shari'

What is the tenth, can you please clarify?




Question (13 Rajab1428/July 27, 2007)

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,

My respected teachers,

I was reading the section entitled, "The first circumstance of the nabr in recitation" on you site, (ie ), and have two questions pertaining to this.

1) Regarding stopping on a mushaddad letter, you mentioned that, "When stopping on a word like this, we stop with one saakin letter, ... It is then as if one letter has been dropped from the reading.". Doesn't stopping on the mushaddad letter mean that the second (the normally mutaharrik letter) is now also saakin... resulting in TWO saakin letters ? Then why do we only pronounce one letter, and pretend the second has been dropped instead of just pronouncing the two letters. For example, why not pronouncing the word 'mustaqirr' with two 'ra' letters since the second is now also saakin, instead of just one letter with nabr ?

With your permission, I would also like to ask...

2) Regarding the nabr on a mushaddad letter after a madd, you mentioned, "so as stated, there is no need for an accent in the case of stopping on a word that ends with a noon or meem with a shaddah". So nabr is pronounced for every mushaddad letter after a madd except for when it ends in a noon or meem with shadd... is this always the case ? And if yes, would it be considered a mistake to pronounce it with nabr even if it is not required ? Actually, generally speaking anywhere in the Qur'an, would it be considered a mistake to pronounce nabr at places which do NOT require it, ie at the end of an ayah, just to make the ending clearer ?

Jazakallahu Khaira, for your explanation.




Question  (27 Jamad Ath-Thaani1428/July 12, 2007)

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,

My Respected Teachers,

1) I was studying the last section (called 'Its principles') on '', but was not able to fully understand the third point that you have mentioned. Tajweed is based on 4 principles but what does "3. Knowledge of what rules change in the letters due to the order of letters" exactly mean  ?

Also if you permit me, I would like to ask another question...

2) It is relating to the difference in pronouncing a harf with sakun and a harf with shaddah. Since I was young, I had been taught that letters that have shaddah are pronounced with more strength than letters with sukoon. But through your website, I was informed that this is not the case. Since a mushaddad letter is really two letters, a letter with sukoon and a second mutaharrik letter, I have understood it to mean that letters with shaddah must be pronounced with the same strength and duration as the sukoon. Dear Teacher, if this the case... then why is that a qalqalah letter with shaddah if stopped at pronounced with more strength then a qalqalah letter also if stopped at but is with sukoon ?  I mean are not both cases supposed to be pronounced the same way especially since they are both qalqalah kubrah... then why the difference ?

For example in surah Lahab, the first ayah ends in "...wa tab-b(a)". But the remaining ayahs all end with lesser strength and quicker pace ie "... wa maa kasab(a)". Can you please explain to me the difference in pronunciation even though they are both qalqalah kubrah.

I would appreciate your explanation as always, Jazakumullahu Khaira..




Question (23 Jamad Ath-Thaani1428/July 8, 2007)

Assalaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu

I have heard somebody saying that the letter Raa should be said without any 'rolling' whatsoever. He says that Shaykh Husary & Shaykh Minshaawi (May Allah have mercy on them) read without 'rolling'. I listened to their recordings, and those of Abdul Baasit (May Allah have mercy on him) and Dr Ayman (May Allah preserve him), and am not convinced.

I understood 'without rolling' to mean a sound closer to 'R' in English (which was how this person read it as) than what I am accustomed to in Arabic. He also mentioned that there is a difference of opinion on this. Can you shed any light on this?

Jazaakallaahu Khairan Kathiran

Wassalaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu



Question (12 Jamad Ath-Thaani1428/June 27, 2007)


 I am unclear as to articulation point of seen, saad, and zay. I have read that it is from the internal plates of the front two top incisors. But what are the internal plates really? I mean is it the point where the tooth starts coming out of the gum? Because as I know the gum line i.e. the point where the gum meets the teeth is the point for ta, da and the thick ta. So how close is the articulation point for seen to that of taa. Please explain clearly as I am very confused. Whether I pronounce the seen from the edges or from the point I am assuming are the internal plates it sounds the same to me. I have seen the teeth diagram where you have pointed out the plates in reply to a question but I'm still unclear. Thank you.


Question (11 Jamad Ath-Thaani1428/June 26, 2007)

Assalaam u Alaykum,

Can you provide some examples for the pronunciation of the letter dhaad (), as in 'waladdaalleen'. I have heard some expert reciters from india and pakistan recite it in a very soft manner almost resembling a soft DHhaa  (as in DHhulm). Yet, all of the Arab reciters I have heard recite it with a sound resembling a slightly softer, yet heavier  (as in dinaar). I have been told by an Indian qari that the Arabic books of tajwid support their pronunciation, such as Shatibi. Can you shed some light on this issue?

 I would greatly appreciate some audio files which has several examples of the correct pronunciation of the dhaad () in it.

Jazaak Allaah Khayr. Wassalaam u Alaykum.




Question (2 Jamad Ath-Thaani1428/June 17, 2007)

Assalaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmarullaahi wa Barakaatuhu

I recently read in the book "Ghaayatul Mureed" that 5 counts for maddul Munfassil and Muttassil is not transmitted from Imam AsShaatibee in his famous poem Ash Shaatibiyyah. However the 5 counts reference is found in At Tayseer and is also transmitted from Imam 'Aasim but not through Ash Shaatibiyyah.

As a result 4 counts is stated as 'al awla' the preferred. (I have found the 4 count preference in quite a few books).

Yet in the vast majority of books I have found that in the chapter of Mudood the lengthening is listed as (4 or) 5 counts and the reference is always to the tareeq from Ash Shaatibiyyah.

I am confused. Is 5 counts transmitted from Ash Shaatibee in his poem or transmitted separately from him outside of the poem or not transmitted from him at all? If so why do most books refer the 5 counts as through him/his

Jazaakallaahu khairan

Wassalaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmarullaahi wa Barakaatuhu




Question (27 Jamad Al-Oolaa 1428/June 14, 2007)

As'Salaamu Alaikum.  I have a few questions pertaining to Arabic. 


1. Laam At-Ta’reef – what is it and its significance?

2. Types of Laam At-Ta’reef – Laam Ash-Shamsiyyah and Laam Al-Qamariyyah.  Which one of these should be pronounced vs. made silent ?


3. Hamzat Al-Wasl – What is it, when is it pronounced and when is it made silent.  When pronounced, what Harakah should be assigned to it, and under what conditions?


4. Two Saakins – What happens what two Saakins come together? What happens when a Madd Letter comes before a Saakinah letter?


5. Al-Alif Al-Maqsoorah – what is it and how to pronounce it?


6. At-Ta’awwudh and Al-Basmalah – how to pronounce them combined and separated?

I appreciate whatever assistance you can provide InshaAllah.




Question (27 Jamad Al-Oolaa 1428/June 14, 2007)


What is the correct sound of  ?  Does it sound like sort of a 'z' or a heavy dhal? 

Thank you for your time.




Question (13 Jamad Al-Oolaa 1428/May 30, 2007)


Jazzak Allah khair for a beautiful website giving people help in learning how to learn tajweed and thus recite the words of Allah in the manner they should be.

I am trying to memorise more of the Qur'an and I wanted to know how often to revise what i have already memorised. How can one balance revision and new memorisation.

What is the best way of revising? Currently I read it over by looking at it and then read it from memory and sit with my teacher and recite to him.
Jazzak Allah khair




Question (13 Jamad Al-Oolaa 1428/May 30, 2007)


I want to know is it pronounced as 'Siraat al-ladheena' or 'Siraat al -Lazeena' because I have heard it pronounced both ways. Which one is correct?

Thank you for your time. 




Question (12 Jamad Al-Oolaa 1428/May 29, 2007)

Assalamu Aleikum wa rahmatu lilahi wa barakatuh


In chapter 42 (surah Ash Shura) on verses 30 and 34, I have noticed an important grammar as well as tajweed point that I will need to understand, inshallah.

In verse 30 it is written: "...wa ya' fuu 'an kathiir". The verb "'afaa" here is written and is read with a 2 vowel count despite the fact that the subject is Allah (who is singular and not plural).

Then in verse 34 it is written: "...wa y'afu 'an kathir". The verb "'afaa " is written and pronounced with a one vowel count with the subject being Allah (who is singular).


My question is why in verse 30 "y'afuu" is written with a 2 vowel count when the subject (Allah) is singular? Usually if the subject is plural then the verb should be written and pronounced with a 2 vowel count but verse 30 as a different grammar perspective. What are the reasons for this?


Jazakumullahi khairan

Wa salamu aleikum wa rahmatulilahi wa barakat




Question (28 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1428/May 15, 2007)

Assalaamu Alaikum Ustaadh-al-kareem, 


I was reading your site, talking about the tajweed rules of was very interesting and fascinating to me..... I just memorized the Quraan a year ago (with Hafs). I found out that, every Qari (e.g. 'Aasim,) has 2 students (Raawis), for example, Hafs and Shu'bah (or for Ibn Katheer, Qunbul and Bazzi).  

But recently, I also found out that every student (raawi), also has 2 Tareeqs (2 ways)!! So even Hafs that we all read from, has two ways. The reason this triggered me and came to my attention was that when I recite Quraan, I notice that some madds (certain ones), like if the hamza is part of the next word rather than in the word itself . So madds in which the hamza was not part of the word, many Qurraa shorten them while others prolong them. 

I was told these were two ways (from Hafs). So they were...Shaatibyy (the more common one I believe), and also Tayyiba.  

So, I wanted to ask you (may Allah reward you), that about these 2 ways from one student , is it permissible for one to recite any of them he wishes? Like, I usually read Tayyiba from Hafs, so, are we allowed to read from either, (without having to get special certificates..).


Like if I have a warsh mus-haf (from naafi'), then..(even though on the mushaf all the madds and so on are there, am I allowed to shorten them (because i heard one of the tareeqs from Warsh was different. Most Qurraa of Warsh prolong so many madds (like and and so on..) but some Qaris from Warsh do not! Or like prolonging a dhammah on the plural meem in   and so on... some qurraa do not *though they are reading Warsh.  

So my question is, can I read in that way (of course provided that I am aware and know all the rules concerning it...), am I allowed to read like that (in Salaat).   

Also, (i wanted to know), if you could please tell me the names of the 2 ways (tareeqs) from Warsh.  

May Allah reward you, and give you the best rewards for your work, in this world and the aakhirah!  AbdulBasit K., 14



Question (20 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1428/May 7, 2007)

Assalaam alaikum,

I have been fortunate by the grace of Allah I know to read the Quran, but I would like to get more information on how to end the words at the end of a sentence. I mean there are vowels that I get confused with.

During  Ramadan I followed the Quran in the taraweeh  when the Imam was praying every day and I still couldn’t get it clearly .

Please help and let me know how do I distinguish them and what is the right way.

Are there are any websites or tapes that I could utilize to get my recitation better?

Best Regards.


Question (18 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1428/May 5, 2007)


I have heard two different pronunciations of "Allah" one which is a strong ending sound (like Alloh) while the other is soft (Allae). Can you please tell me which one is correct?





Question (5 Rabee' Ath-Thanee 1428/Apr. 22, 2007)


Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatu lilahi wa barakatuh


I would like your advice on a matter. I have been taught the memorization of the Quran (in my homeland) starting from surat An Nas.

Now that I have reached and almost finished memorizing surat Az zumar, I should be moving on to surat Sâd but my teacher (from my part time Hifz program) suggested that I start with surat Al baqarah once Az Zumar is completed.

I really would like to continue with the pace I have set for myself since Baqarah is very long and might take a lot of time for me to finish. Therefore, what exactly should I do? In other words which methods are better (from Nas to Baqarah or starting with baqarah right now)?


Jazakumulahu khairan, because your input is really important to all of us in general but me in particular.


Wa salamu aleikum wa rahmatulilahi wa barakatu.




Question (26 Rabee' Al-Awwal 1428/Apr. 14, 2007)

Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatuallah


Alhamdolillah I have read your encouraging advice to those with English as a first language who are seeking to memorise the Quran.  I am well past my 20s so perhaps it will be more difficult for me – Inshallah Allah will make it possible.  My question is, although I can now read the Quran with a little fluency, I still cannot pronounce many of the letters properly (although a listener could probably tell which letter I am trying to say).  So is this in any way a reason why I should not memorise?  I feel that if I wait until I have corrected my tajweed, then my whole life could pass before I am able to master the correct pronunciation of the alphabet.  On the other hand, is there any virtue in memorising the Quran to the best of your ability, knowing that some will be incorrect?  What is your advice please?


Jazakallahu khair wa Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah.




Question (26 Rabee' Al-Awwal 1428/Apr. 14, 2007)

Assalamu alaikum

We know that when pronouncing the "dhommah" the lips have a forward movement and when pronouncing a letter with "sukoon" the mouth is in a "neutral" position.  How would we pronounce the word "Quloobuhum" where 4 "dhommas" follow each other; does ones mouth return to a "neutral" state before pronouncing the next letter with "dhammah" or does ones mouth stay in a "dhommah" position until all dhommas have been completed. I hope you understand my question.  Shukran.




Question (4 Rabee' Al-Awwal 1428/Mar. 23, 2007)

salamun 'Alaykun,


Please, what do mean by Hafs?



Question  (4 Rabee' Al-Awwal 1428/Mar. 23, 2007)

Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah.


Please could you help me find the makhraj of some letters?  I have read through your website and also the books but I find that as I haven’t got a teacher to go through it with me I am still only guessing. 


My question this time is about Kaaf, Qaaf, Khaa and Ghain.  In particular, I would very much like to know the fine practical details of exactly what part of the tongue touches what exact part of the throat/mouth and in what way.  What would be a slightly incorrect makhraj for each letter, especially those mistakes common to native English speakers?  Also, exactly how in a practical way do the makhaarij of each the letters differ from one another.  For example, does Kaaf use the exact same part of the tongue as Qaaf? And do Qaaf and Khaa share the precise same articulation points of both tongue and mouth but used in a different way? 


Jazakallahu khair for all your efforts and patience with all our questions.




Question (4 Rabee' Al-Awwal 1428/Mar. 23, 2007)

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahamtullaahi wa barakaatuhu


1) When pronouncing the Jeem is there meant to be absolutely no air with the sound or is a small/minute amount ok? I have read in some books that it is very important to separate the Jeem  from certain letters when both are found in 1 word e.g. a Jeem & Taa   and  or a Jeem & Zaai  and 

 (In   and  ) due to the possibility of idghaam and it was also mentioned that when stopping on a  and making qalqala one does not need to be as careful as in the examples mentioned above. Am unsure as to what amount of air is excusable if any.



2) When saying any letter with a Dhamma the sound generally tends to be a little thicker. Is this ok? If not, do you have any tips for making the letters as close as possible to what they should be? (e.g. when saying a daal madhmooma the sound is a bit thicker than when saying a daal maftooha)


Jazaakallaahu khairan kathiran kathiran, Yarhamukallaahu.


Wassalaamu alaikum wa rahamtullaahi wa barakaatuhu