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The Two Alike, the Two Similar, the Two Close, and the Two Far (Part 4)

 The Two Similar in Nature (continued)

In the last tidbit, the definition of  was given, and the sub-category of: The Two Small Similar in Nature ( ) was introduced.  We stated that the rule for the two small similar in nature ( ) was generally ith-haar ( ) but there are specific letters that in the category of , meaning they have the same articulation point, but different characteristics, that merge into to each other when they have a “small” ( ) relationship, meaning the first of the two letters is saakin and the second is voweled. 

The chart below shows which letters of  category merge into the other when they have  relationship. 

Examples of the  and merging (making ) into the letters in the chart were given in the last tidbit. 


4. We now continue with the rest of the letters that merge into each other from the chart starting with the    into the .  This occurs four times in the Qur’an, and this is an   (incomplete merging) , it is incomplete in that the characteristic  of the  remains; the remaining characteristics of the letter  merge completely into the letter .  Please note that because it is an incomplete merging, there is no shaddah mark on the .   The four aayaat in which this type of  takes place are:

Click here to listen to the incomplete merging

All other idghamaat (plural of idghaam) of  category are complete, or .


                  5.   The  into the   This occurs twice in the Qur’an:

                  6.   The into the  . This occurs once in the Qur’an

This is required (waajib) for the way we read, Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim by the way of Ash-Shaatabiyyah ( ). 

                  7.  The  into the .  This occurs once, and this   is also required for :

The big two of similar nature 

 This is when both of the letters of  have vowels.  Its rule is required  , the way we read (Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim) .  An example is:

The two absolute of similar nature

This is when the first of  has a vowel and the second has a sukoon. Its rule:
An example of this is :