12. Tafkheem and tarqeeq of the letter
A. Warsh reads with tarqeeq of the if it has a or and preceded by a permanent kasrah or by a saakinah in the same word, such as in: and and .If the saakinahor kasrah that precedes the are from a separate word, then there will not be tarqeeq of the if it has a or , as in: and . You may notice that the letter in the last example is written in with the word, but it is a , or preposition in this case, and a separate word. If there is a voweled by other than a kasrah before the that has an accompanying dhammah or fat-hah there is no tarqeeq of the , such as in: .
B. A saakin letter between the and the kasrah does not stop the from having tarqeeq, such as in: and , but an exception is made if the saakin letter is one of the letters of other than ; in this case, the would have tafkheem. Examples of this last rule of tafkheem are: .
C. The has tafkheem if it has any of the previous circumstances for tarqeeq in the recitation of Warsh in a foreign word ( ), such as , , and .
D. There is also tafkheem of the in the recitation of Warsh if it is preceded by a kasrah, or preceded by a saakin occurring after a kasrah, but the is repeated with an alif in between the two . Examples are:
E. Warsh reads the word of aayah 7 from surah Al-Fajr with tafkheem on the .
F. There is tarqeeq of both when stopping and continuing in the word: in aayah 32 of surah Al-Mursalaat, in the recitation of Warsh.
G. If the or the alif before a saakinah is read with imaalah, there is tarqeeq of the
H. Both tafkheem and tarqeeq of the are allowed in the following words:
2:200 , and 18:70, 83, 20:99 and 113, 21:48, 33:41, 37:3, and 168, 65:10, 77:5
Al-Furqan (25:22, 53)
These six above words only have tafkheem of the when being read with (four vowel counts on ) the other two vowel counts for (two vowel counts and six vowel counts) have the same general rule as stated at the beginning, that of tarqeeq and tafkheem being allowed .
There is also both tafkheem and tarqeeq allowed on the word, Al-An’Aam (6:71) with no restrictions as to .
H. Warsh has tafkheem of the if it is followed directly by a letter of , or indirectly (meaning an alif is in between) by a letter of , even if it meets the conditions of tarqeeq. Examples are: .
The word in surah Ash-Shu'araa', aayah 63 though can be read with either tafkheem or tarqeeq of the .
The following chart summarizes the rules of for the recitation of Warsh:
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