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Imam Qaloon

His name was ‘Isaa bin Meenaa and was nicknamed Aba Musaa.  He was of Roman heritage.  His Sheikh, Imam Naafi’, nicknamed him Qaloon because of the quality of his qira’ah.   The word Qaloon in the Roman language means “good.” 

He was born in 120 Al-Hijara and died 220 Al-Hijara in Al-Medinah.


He was deaf and could not even hear a horn, but if someone recited the Qur’an to him, he could hear.

Some biographies say the deafness came when he was older, but others mention it as if he was always deaf, and Allah knows best.

The basic rules of the riwaayah of Qaloon 'an Naafi' and available below, with links to each lesson listed.  The special words though, must be obtained from a mushaf that has the recitation of Qaloon or a mushaf of the ten qira'aat.

Lesson One PDF Print E-mail

Tajweed Rules for Warsh 'an Naafi

Part One

These three rules are only part of the complete set of rules of Warsh.


Lesson Two PDF Print E-mail

4. (also referred to as) The pronoun or direct object

In normal circumstances, the recitation of Warsh follows the same rules that Hafs does for the .

Lesson Three PDF Print E-mail
(continued from lesson 2)

   ii. - The leen letter followed by a hamzah

This is a leen letter followed by a hamzah, is lengthened four or six vowel counts when continuing or stopping.  Example:

Lesson Four PDF Print E-mail

6. Two Hamzahs meeting in one word

 There are three ways that two hamzahs meet in one word, the first hamzah always has a fat-hah, the second hamzah is either another fat-hah, a kasrah, or a dhammah.  Examples of these three combinations are: 

Lesson Five PDF Print E-mail

7.  Two hamzahs meeting in  two words

If two hamzahs meet between two words, i.e. the first hamzah is the last letter of the first word and the second hamzah is the first letter of the second word, there are different ways of reading the words depending on the vowels of the two different hamzahs.

Lesson Six PDF Print E-mail

8.   The Single Hamzah

Warsh changes (makes of) the hamzah saakinah that is the first letter of the root of the word-meaning third person past tense singular- into a medd letter corresponding to the vowel on the letter preceding the hamzah.  This requires knowledge of the Arabic language enough to derive a noun or conjugated verb into its root.  An example is the word  which has a hamzah saakinah.  The root of this word is  , with a hamzah as its first letter.

Lesson Seven PDF Print E-mail

9. Transferring the vowel of the hamzah to the saakin letter before it

When the last letter of a word is not a medd letter and is saakin, and the first letter of the next word is a , , Warsh transfers the vowel of the hamzah to the saakin letter before it, and the hamzah is dropped in pronunciation. Examples of this are:   ,  , and    

Lesson Eight PDF Print E-mail


This section refers to special saakinah letters that some of the different readers merge the  saakinah of , the  saakinah of , the  saakinah  of which is a  at the end of a verb denoting female gender, and the of and , into some letters.

Lesson Nine PDF Print E-mail

11. The straight, the imaalah, and the in between (part one)

A.  Warsh has two allowed ways of reading . The definition of is every alif that is changed over from a ,  or originated from a , or was written with , no matter what the make up (wazan)or “weight” of the word, whether it be as :

Lesson Ten PDF Print E-mail

11. (Continued from last lesson- number nine) The straight, the imaalah, and the in between (part two)

   B.    (The immediately followed by an alif-meaning alif originating from a , which is the last letter of the word)  

Warsh reads with of the alif on the end of a word after the letter with this being the only way of reading this combination.  Pronouns and possessives attached to the word do not affect the rule-which sill be applied.

Lesson Eleven PDF Print E-mail

11. (Continued from last lesson- number ten) The straight, the imaalah, and the in between (part two)

E. 10 Ends of 10 special (plural of surah).

Warsh reads with alone the last word of the aayaat in the following :

Lesson Twelve PDF Print E-mail

12.   Tafkheem and tarqeeq of the letter

A. Warsh reads with tarqeeq of the if it has a or and preceded by a permanent kasrah or by a saakinah  in the same word, such as in: and and .

Lesson Thirteen PDF Print E-mail

13.  Heaviness of the

The terms and   are synonyms.  The scholars tend to use the word for velarization of the letter , and tend to use the word for velarization of the راء.  Warsh has of the in the following conditions:

Lesson Fourteen PDF Print E-mail

14.   Attached ya’ indicating “me” or “my”

 The refers to extra on the end of the word denoting a direct object or possessive.   In the specific case of the qira'aat, we pay attention to the  which occur before that has a , a or a kasrah, or before a that occurs as part of a or without it, or before any other letter.

Lesson Fifteen PDF Print E-mail

The Recitation of Warsh

Lesson 15.     Extra eliminated from the writing of the Glorious Qur’an.


Warsh establishes these when continuing (in pronunciation) and eliminates (drops) them when stopping in a number of places.n the Qur'an for that qira'ah.