of the tongue (Part 4)
point of the
letters are emitted from the tip of the tongue (from the top side of the tip)
and the bottom edges of the two top front incisors. Care should be taken to make sure the top of the tip is
really colliding or separating (depending whether there is no vowel or a
vowel) with the edges of the teeth and not the plates of the teeth.
Common mistakes in these letters
three letters are some of the most mispronounced letters in the Arabic
language by both Arabs and non-Arabs. The
main reason for this is the corruption of pure classical Arabic and the colloquialization
of many letters to other forms. This colloquialization unfortunately, has carried over to the
way some recite the Qur’an, and with this mistake the reciter could
unintentionally change the intended meaning of the Qur’an.
This error should be attended to and fixed as soon as possible by the
student of the Qur’an.
is often mispronounced as a
heavy form of “z”. The reason
for this (mechanically speaking) is not using the top of the tip with the
edges of the incisors, and instead using the back plates of the two front
incisors, which as covered in the last tidbit, is the articulation point for
It is then understandable the mechanical reason for this letter to
erroneously sound like a “z” when the incorrect articulation point is
a letter that has tafkheem, or heaviness, and that characteristic tends to be
present even in the misarticulated form of the letter, and therefore the heavy
“z” sound. Some
transliterations of the Qur’an, which we caution against using, write this
letter in English as “z”. This
contributes to non-Arabs also reciting this letter incorrectly.
is many times mispronounced as
a plain “z”. Again, Arabs as
well as non-Arabs have this error. The
solution is again using the top of the tip of the tongue and the bottom edges
of the two top front incisors. There
should be enough protrusion of the tip tongue in all three of these letters so
that it is visible to the observer.
is pronounced as a
mistake. This mistake can occur
with both Arabs and non-Arabs. The
same reason as discussed above is the cause for this: using the wrong
summary the common mistake in these three letters is using the articulation
point of the “whistle” group of letters
instead of their own unique articulation point.
The tip of the tongue needs to collide or separate with the bottom
edges of the two top front incisors, and not the internal plates
of the two top incisors.