|The Mudood (Lengthenings) Part 9|
The Separate Letters that begin some surahs
Preface: The letters that begin some of the surahs of the Qur’an are fourteen in number. These fourteen letters are found in the phrase:
1. That which has no medd at all: This refers to the alif () as it has no medd letter in it.
2. That which has a medd of two counts: The letters in this category can be found in the phrase:
3. That which has a medd of six vowel counts: The rest of the letters from the fourteen that start some surahs of the Qur’an fall into this category. These letters are seven in number, and can be found in the phrase: "". All are lengthened six counts. The letters of the group are categorized into to two groups:
4. The "": The can be lengthened four or six vowel counts, according to the rules of the way we read, which is the way of: Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim from the way of Shatibiyyah
The Compulsory Light Lengthening in Letters
Its definition: The letters of the group "" are each individually read as a three letter word, the middle letter being a medd letter, andthe third letter having an original (or permanent) sukoon. The determiner of the letter being or is the last letter and whether it merges with the first letter of the next three letter word or not. In the case of the letter, it is not merged with what comes next. This is why it is called . This medd is lengthened six vowel counts.
The Compulsory Heavy Lengthening in Letters
Its definition: This type of lengthening occurs when a letter of the "" group of letters that begin some of the surahs, (as described above), has the last letter of the three letter word representing the individual letter, merging into the letter that comes after it. This is the reason for it being called (heavy). This medd has a required lengthening of six counts.
In this example, we find two letters, the and the that consist of three letters. The has a medd letter as the middle letter, then followed by a letter that is a sakinah, but merged with the first letter of the next spelled out letter . The is then . The does not have its third letter merging with what comes next (there is none after the meem), so it is .
The different separate letters that are found at the beginning of some surahs appear in the following combinations:
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