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(Heaviness) and Lightness
that are Lightened Sometimes and are Made Heavy Other Times
This lesson continues explaining which letters sometimes have tafkheem and sometimes tarqeeq, and the circumstances for each case. This lesson will discuss the cases of tafkheem for the letter .
of the letter
The has 8 cases in which it has tafkheem, 4 cases in which it has tarqeeq, and 2 cases that allow either tafkheem or tarqeeq.
Eight cases in which the
it has a fat-hah, such as in
2. If it is saakinah and before the is a letter with a fat-ha, as in:
If it is saakinah and the letter before it has a sukoon, and the letter
before that has a fat-h, as when stopping on the word:
If it has a dhammah, as in :
If it (
has a sukoon, and the letter before it has a dhammah, such as in :
saakinah, preceded by a saakin, which is preceded by a dhammah.
As when stopping on the word:
7. If the is saakinah and preceded by a presented kasrah ( this is in the hamzah wasl). The is pronounced with tafkheem when preceded by hamzah wasl, if we start on the hamzah wasl with a kasrah, or if continuing from the previous word. Examples:
8. If the is saakinah and before is a kasrah, and after the a letter of that does NOT have a kasrah; meaning it has any vowel (including the sukoon) except a kasrah. As in:
These then are the eight circumstances for tafkheem of the letter
In the next lesson, insha’ Allah, we will discuss the circumstances
for tarqeeq of the letter