(27 Rabee' Awwal 1426/May 6, 2005)
Thank you for your wonderful website!
I am non-Arab and not yet a Muslim although I intend to take the shahada very
soon. I have made good progress teaching myself principles of tajweed
considering I have no teacher by using your site and a few books on the
subject. I am just learning the rules pertaining to noon saakinah and tanwin.
The rules make sense to me but I am not quite sure about the position of the
tongue during ikhfa'. The sources I have read say to place the tongue in a
position of readiness to articulate the letter following noon while holding
the ghunna for two counts. They warn not to touch the upper part of the mouth
with the tip of the tongue but they don't mention any other part of the
tongue. Does any part of the tongue such as the very back touch the roof of
the mouth? And when they say to place the tongue in a position of readiness,
does this imply that the tongue is placed close to the specific letter it is
about to articulate? If it is, the tip of the tongue would be in a different
position during an ikhfa' with a dhal than in an ikhfa' with a sheen. It seems
that the only way to achieve a ghunna as strong as a normal meem or noon is to
seal off part of the mouth with the tongue. Also, when one pronounces an
ikhfa' a and suddenly seals of his nostrils, should the sound be partly or
totally blocked? Often when I try this experiment, the sound is muffled,
proving that nasalization is occurring, but it is not completely stopped. When
one pronounces ikhfa' or idgham, should any sound at all come through the
mouth or should it somehow be restricted to the nose.
Finally, I have a question pertaining to the formation of the vowels in
Arabic. The rules of tajweed state that the vowels are formed by vocalization
accompanied by the rounding of the lips, the opening of the mouth, and the
dropping of the jaw. The first two make sense to me, but I do not see how
dropping the jaw alone could ever produce the sound of kasrah or madd ya'.
Physically, to produce the "ee" sound at least in English, the jaw
is actually raised, making the space in the mouth very small. In addition, the
middle of the tongue is raised, further decreasing the space and thus creating
the specific "closed" quality of the vowel. Based on the recordings
of Qur'aan reciters I have listened to, the kasrah and ya sounds very similar
to the English equivalent. I do not understand how this sound can be produced
"only" by the vibration of the vocal cords and the "dropping of
the jaw." Another question I have pertaining to vowels is whether the
sound lengthened Waw or dammah is exactly like saying an alif with rounded
lips or if the tongue changes position when the lips are rounded to pronounce
waw. basically, I want to know if when pronouncing alif, the tongue completely
relaxed and how it changes if at all, when pronouncing the other two vowel
thing that I find confusing is what is technically meant by saying that the
vowels are produced from an approximate area of the throat while the
corresponding consonants waw and ya are from specific places in the mouth.
I truly appreciate your patience and help,
(22 Rabee' Awwal 1426/May 1, 2005)
alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh,
Ma ash Allaah,
Barakallaah feekum, Beneficial web page. Can you please give me advice on the
best way to memorise the Quran? I know 1 juz, my first language is
English, and I have no teacher. I want to memorise Allaahs beautiful, wise and
perfect words. What reciter is the best to learn from?
(11 Rabee' Awwal 1426/Apr 20, 2005)
It's known that if the letter before the pronoun ha carries a harakaat, then
the ha will have a short sound and vice versa. What is the significance of
If that rule is to be applied, if I wish to speak the proper Arabic, should I
say, "Qara'tu kitaabahoo" instead of "Qara'tu kitaabahu"
(with short dhommah) or it doesn't make any difference?
(9 Rabee' Awwal 1426/Apr 18, 2005)
I just want to
ask if tajweed is sunnat, wajib or fardh. Please
could you update me with my question.
Question (27 Safar
1426/Apr 06, 2005)
Please help me with the following questions:
1) - The word "annajmuth-thaaqib" is in the beginning of third ayah
At-Tariq. Should this be included in the list of words that start with
Hamzatul Wasl, recently posted on your website?
2) - In the middle of ayah #45 of surah Al-Anbiya, there is a word
"bilwahye". How this word is pronounced if we stop on it? I know the
vowel on the letter Ya drops out, but does Ya becomes saakinah along with
sakin letter Ha? If so, how much of Ya should be articulated? If
possible, please include a sound bite link in your response so the
proper articulation can be heard.
3) - In the copy of Qur'an I use, sometimes just more than one waqf sign
is written in the middle or even at the end of an ayah. Why is it so?
Are these inputs from different scholars?
4) - Are you planning to put a feature in the website that will allow us to
archived material by topic?
Thank you and may Allah greatly reward you.
(21 Safar 1426/Mar. 31, 2005)
Aleikum wa rahmatu lilahi wa barakatuh
In question # 270205 you mentioned the imaalah and taqlîl. Would you please
1) What is the definition of imaalah and taqlîl?
2) Does the recitation of Hafs have any imaalah and taqlîl?
3) Does the recitation of khalaf al hamzah have a taqlîl slightly different
from that of Warsh an Nâfi?
May Allah facilitate your work inshallah
(19 Safar 1426/Mar. 29, 2005)
Is it fardh to
learn tajweed, if so is it important to learn it before puberty. And
is there any evidence to say that it is fardh if so what is it?
(19 Safar 1426/Mar. 29, 2005)
What is a
(7 Safar 1426/Mar. 17, 2005)
alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu.
Could you shed
some light on the conditions for obtaining an ijaazah according to the ullamaa
of Qur’an and is this possible reciting 'nathriyyan' shukran.
alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu
(7 Safar 1426/Mar. 17, 2005)
I am having problem pronouncing the Arabic letters is there any way I can
improve my pronunciation and reading the Qur’an.
Please could you advise me on any books that I can buy where I can improve my
I have read the Qur’an but that was in a Bangladeshi mosque.