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Imam Qaloon

His name was ‘Isaa bin Meenaa and was nicknamed Aba Musaa.  He was of Roman heritage.  His Sheikh, Imam Naafi’, nicknamed him Qaloon because of the quality of his qira’ah.   The word Qaloon in the Roman language means “good.” 

He was born in 120 Al-Hijara and died 220 Al-Hijara in Al-Medinah.


He was deaf and could not even hear a horn, but if someone recited the Qur’an to him, he could hear.

Some biographies say the deafness came when he was older, but others mention it as if he was always deaf, and Allah knows best.

The basic rules of the riwaayah of Qaloon 'an Naafi' and available below, with links to each lesson listed.  The special words though, must be obtained from a mushaf that has the recitation of Qaloon or a mushaf of the ten qira'aat.

Lesson One PDF Print E-mail

1. The Basmalah between two surahs


Qaloon has only one way of joining the end of one surah with the next following surah, and that is with the basmalah between the two surahs. 

Lesson Two PDF Print E-mail

4. () The pronoun or direct object

The normal rule for , as we studied in the recitation rules for Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim, is that if the  denotes  a single, male, third person, and is not part of the original root of the word, and is located between two voweled letters, it is lengthened two vowel counts, or if a follows it, it is lengthened the same length we are using for .

Lesson Three PDF Print E-mail

6. Two hamzahs next to each other in one word

 If two hamzahs meet each other in one word, the first hamzah will only be with a , and the second hamzah will be either with a , a dhammah, or a kasrah, such as in: , , and ;

Lesson Four PDF Print E-mail

7.  Two hamzahs meeting between two words

If two hamzahs meet between two words, i.e. the first hamzah is the last letter of the first word and the second hamzah is the first letter of the second word, there are different ways of reading the words depending on the vowels of the two different hamzahs.

Lesson Five PDF Print E-mail

8. Transferring the vowel of the hamzah to the saakin letter before it

In general Qaloon does not transfer the vowel of a hamzah to the saakin letter before it, unlike Warsh, but there are a few exceptions to this.

Lesson Six PDF Print E-mail

12. The straight, the imaalah, and the in between

Qaloon reads all words in the Qur’an with , or no imaalah at all, except for the word  in aayah 109 of surah At-Tawbah

Lesson Seven PDF Print E-mail

13. Attached ya’ indicating “me” or “my”

The refers to extra on the end of the word denoting a direct object or possessive.   In the specific case of the qira'aat, we pay attention to the  which occur before that has a , a or a kasrah, or before a that occurs as part of a or without it, or before any other letter.

Lesson Eight PDF Print E-mail

14. Extra eliminated from the writing of the Glorious Qur’an.


Qaloon reads with words with the extra at the end with an established when continuing reading, but eliminates, or drops them when stopping on the word.