Saakinah rules (part one)
definition of the definite article
It is an extra laam saakinah added to the basic makeup of the word. This noun is preceded by a hamzah al-wasl
) that is
read with a fat-hah when starting the word, dropped
when continuing from a previous word. This definite article
like the English word “the”.
noun that follows the definite article
a regular noun that stands on its own without the definite article (such as
), or it maybe
irregular in that it cannot be broken down further from the
definite article can precede a noun beginning with any of the Arabic
there is the definite article
a noun (it only enters nouns) there are only two possible rules for the
will now explain when each of these occurs.
clear pronunciation of the definite article
the definite article
precedes a noun beginning
with any of the fourteen letters in the group :
the definite article is said clearly or with
of the definite article is then
of this are in the following two words:
of the definite article is pronounce clearly in these words.
A reminder: the first letter of the word is a hamzah wasl, and it is
only used if we are starting on the word.
If we start a word that has the definite article
the second letter, we start on the hamzah al-wasl with a fat-hah.
The merging of
the definite article
the definite article “the” precedes
any of the fourteen remaining letters of the Arabic alphabet, there is then
an (merging) of the
the definite article into the next letter.
The fourteen letters that
As we know, when there is an
, the two letters
merge into one, and the letter that the two merge into acquires a shaddah
In this case then, the letter immediately following the
, will have a shaddah on
of laam shamsiyyah are in the following two words:
the above cases, the
the definite article “the” is not pronounce at all, instead the reciter
proceeds from the letter before the
will be the fat-hah on the hamzah al-wasl if started the word, or the last
letter and its accompanying vowel of the previous word if continuing, to the
letter immediately following the
This letter will have a shaddah on it, so will have two mechanisms of
formation: first, collision
)of the two articulating
parts for the saakin part of the shaddah, then separation
the two articulating parts with the appropriate jaw and mouth movement for
the voweled part of the shaddah.
Glorious Name of Allah has a
but it is an example of a word that cannot be broken down into a noun that
stands by itself without the added definite article