I would like to know which of the Arabic letters have the exact same pronunciation as some of the English sounds

Question
Assalaamou alaykoum wa rahmatoulah,

Jazakumu Allahou Khayran

I would like to know which of the arabic letters have the exact same pronunciation as some of the english sounds and letters as I do not have a teacher and this would greatly help me with my learning.

BaarakAllahou feekum

Answer
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
Unfortunately, this is not very easy to answer.  There are many dialects of English all over the world and many dialetcts pronounce letters slightly differently than others. There are only a few letters that we would feel comfortable to say they are the same, and that would be the "N" and the , and the "M" and the .  We still are hesitant to even say these are the same as there may be some dialects which we are unaware of in which they are pronounced differently.  
Listening to recordings of known masters of tajweed will help you pronounce the letters better, also search online for tajweed classes.  There are quite a few available now. 
Wa feekum Al-Barakah.