Assalaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu.
I have a question about the Divine Name Allah - Lafthul Jalaalah: It is read with an alif but there isn't one written in the mus-haf (most of them). Could you explain how this works please?
Wassalaamu 'Alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
The ‘Uthmani copy of the Qur’an has rules pertaining to its inscription and pattern, called "rasm" in Arabic. The scholars of this field have divided them into five rules. They are:
3. The hamzah
5. Joined and Separated
There are many words in the Qur’an without an alif written in, but pronounced with the alif, such as:
These above three words are only examples. For some of these, there are specific rules. For example: the alif after the letter laam is usually deleted in writing; also the alif in a written out number is often deleted in writing; the alif in a regular male and female plural noun is often deleted. There are more general rules for deletion of the alif in writing in the mushaf, and many times you will find exceptions to the rules, but the rules are the general way of writing in the ‘Uthmani mushaf.
Note: The small little alifaat found in these words are part of the enhancement to the ‘Uthmani mushaf done later by scholars, and this is the reason that the alif is small and detached from the word as it is not part of the ‘Uthmani writing.
In the case of the Glorious name of Allah, as indicated in the question, the alif was not added in as an enhancement by later scholars in most copies of the Qur’an. There are a few copies of the musaahif that have the small alif written in as an enhancement in the Glorious name of Allah. The reason for this is the familiarity of the word by almost all Muslims, so the scholars did not see a need for it to be written in. Some scholars are now calling for the small alif -called the dagger alif or in Arabic - to be added in the Glorious name of Allah so that all Muslims, whatever their background will know that there is an alif after the laam in His Divine name.
Wa iyyaakum wa-l-muslimeen.
Wa assalaam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.