al-Ibtidaa' (The Beginning) 1

The beginning, in the knowledge of scholars of recitation, is referring to recitation after cutting off recitation or stopping.  The beginning is only by choice, in contrast to the stop, which may be by choice or compulsion.  For that reason it is demanded of the reader when beginning, that he start his recitation with an independent phrase that conveys the intended meaning, not attached to that which precedes it grammatically.

Its rule: It is allowed to begin with what comes after a complete or satisfactory stop under any circumstances, and allowed to start with that which comes after a good stop, only if it is the end of a verse.  This is only after  and NOT after cutting off   of recitation.

The beginning can be divided into two types:

 1.    The allowed beginning

 2. The beginning that is not allowed 

The Allowed Beginning

Its Definition: It is starting with an independent phrase that has meaning that makes clear the meaning that Allah desires, and does not contradict it.
All beginnings after or  are allowed, but beginnings after cutting off ( ) should only be after a .  Beginning after a   is allowed only if the beginning is the start of an aayah and  can only be after a stop, never after .

Many scholars divide  into the same categories as :





The  is the start after a complete stop, or .   An example of this would be stopping and taking a breath at the end of aayah 5 of surah al-baqarah, ((and it is those who are the successful)), then starting after the breath with aayah 6 a new subject,((Indeed ,those who disbelieve…)).

The  is when we start after a sufficient stop, .  Again, we would stop and take a breath, with the intention of continuing, then go on after the breath and stop.  This can be exemplified by stopping on the end of aayah 20 of surah at-tawbah a ,(sufficient stop) :
   ((and  gardens for them wherein is enduring pleasure)),
then taking a breath and starting with the next aayah:  (([They will be] abiding therein forever.))

The is only allowed when the is at the end of an aayah,

a breath taken then starting with the next following aayah. Other than this, it is not allowed to make an .

 An example would be stopping on the end of the ayah:   ((And indeed, you pass by them in the morning)),  then starting on the next aayah: ((And at night).   

Next lesson, insha' Allah, will discuss the beginning that is not allowed.