Stopping on the Ends of Words 3

The Pure Sukoon

In the first part of this section on stopping on the ends of words, we stated that there are five possible ways of stopping on a word that has a "strong" () ending.  We had stated that:

If the end of the word was voweled and we are stopping on it with a presented sukoon, then there are five possible ways of stopping on it.

1.    (the pure, unmixed sukoon)

2.     (giving only 1/3 of a vowel count)

3.    (a dhammah of the two lips, with no sound)

4.     (deletion)

5.    (substitution)

We have discussed stopping with  and , and the lessons on these two ways of stopping are located in the tidbit archives section of this site.  We will now will discuss stopping on  (the pure, unmixed sukoon) over the next few lessons. 


Stopping with a pure sukoon and what is allowed with it

The sukoon is tantamount to removing the vowel on the letter that is being stopped on; and
 can be defined as: clearly void or free from  and .

 can be put on the dhammah, kasrah, and fat-h of conjugated words , and on the same vowels on fixed  (non-conjugated) words.  It can be on a word that ends with a shaddah or without, those that end with a tanween or not, but can not be on a word that ends with a tanween that has a fat-h, as in  .  As a reminder, these categories of stopping on the end of words are for those words not ending with an alif, wow, or ya' as these are not "strong" ( ) in ending.

Stopping with a pure sukoon is the usual way we stop on words.  As we already discussed in previous lessons, in addition to stopping on the pure sukoon , some words can be stopped on other ways, such as stopping with  or  .  There are some words that can only be stopped with the pure sukoon ().

That which can stop only on a pure sukoon, and  and  are not permitted

There are five different categories  in which we can only stop with a pure sukoon and no other way of stopping is allowed.  We will discuss three of them this lesson and continue with the other two next lesson, insha' Allah.

1.   That which has a sukoon on the end when continuing and when stopping (fixed sukoon), as in     or  .

2.   Presented vowelization.  That which is voweled when continuing with a presented vowel to eliminate the meeting of two voweled letters, as in the presented kasrah on the in the command form of the verb:  in the phrase:


Another example of a presented vowel on the end of a word to prevent the meeting of two saakin letters from meeting is the vowel on the letter in the word in the phrase .  The plural normally has a sukoon on it and the only time it acquires a vowel is in the case of two saakin letters meeting. 
Included in  (presented vowels) are the words and  , because the kasrah on the  is presented. Both  and are forbidden from the presented vowel, because its origin was a sukoon.   

3.  That which has a fat-h on it, but not with a tanween.  Examples: , ,


We will continue explaining the other two circumstances for stopping only with a pure sukoon, insha' Allah, next lesson.