Lesson Four

6. Two Hamzahs meeting in one word

 There are three ways that two hamzahs meet in one word, the first hamzah always has a fat-hah, the second hamzah is either another fat-hah, a kasrah, or a dhammah.  Examples of these three combinations are: 

 

 with fat-haat on both hamzahs;   with a fat-hah on the first hamzah and kasrah on the second hamzah; and     which has a fat-hah on the first hamzah and a dhammah on the second hamzah.

 

When there are two consecutive hamzahs in a word, Warsh makes of the second hamzah, which means reading it in between a hamzah and between the letter that corresponds with the vowel on the hamzah.  The hamzah with a fat-hah therefore would be read between a hamzah and an alif, the hamzah with a kasrah would be read between a hamzah and a , and the hamzah with a dhammah would be read between a hamzah and a .

There is a second allowed way for Warsh when there is a fat-hah on both hamzaat such as in the word.  This second allowed reading is  (change) of the second hamzah to an alif.  When there is a sukoon on the letter following the second hamzah as in the example , the resultant medd from the hamzah changed into an alif would be six vowel counts, as in . An exception to this second allowed way is in the word:  in surah Al-‘Araaf, Ta-Ha, and Ash-Shu'araa’, and the word  in surah Az-Zukhruf. The  is not allowed in these words and only the way of of the second hamzah is observed.



A. A repeated question with two hamzahs

If a question is repeated in a phrase with two hamzahs such as the words in the phrase:

 ,

then Warsh reads with a question for the first of the two () and with a proclamation () for the second of the two; meaning he reads the example above as: .  The reading of Warsh observes the rule stated above for two hamzahs meeting in a word and therefore reads with of the second hamzah.  Another example of the same type of occurrence of a repeated question in a phrase is:

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The rule as stated above for two questioning hamzahs in a phrease is that Warsh reads the first of the two words with    and the second with a proclamation  ( ).  The rule of Warsh for two hamzas meeting in a word is the same as in of the  all other words like this; there is  of the second hamzah:

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Exceptions:

The occurrences of two questions in a phrase in An-Naml (27:67):

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and Al-‘Ankaboot 28-29 (29:28-29)

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are read by Warsh in these two surahs with on the first of the two and with on the second so that the first example in An-Naml is read by Warsh as:

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and the second example in Al-'Ankaboot is read in the same way as Hafs 'an 'Aasmin (as written above) in regards to the question and proclamation.  Warsh follows his stated rule for two hamzahs meeting in a word in both examples, as stated at the beginning of this lesson on the words that have two hamzahs meeting in the same word. 

Warsh reads The image “http://www.abouttajweed.com/ash-hidoo.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. in aayah 19 of Az-Zukhruf (43:19) as:  The image “http://www.abouttajweed.com/a'ash-hidoo%20az-zukhruf%20warsh.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. with two hamzahs and The image “http://www.abouttajweed.com/taHqeeq.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.  (pronouncing the hamzah clearly) on the first hamzah with a fat-hah, and The image “http://www.abouttajweed.com/tas-heel.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. on the second hamzah (with a dhammah).

Next lesson, insha' Allah will explain the rules for Warsh when two hamzahs occur between two words.