Lesson Twelve

12.   Tafkheem and tarqeeq of the letter

A. Warsh reads with tarqeeq of the if it has a or and preceded by a permanent kasrah or by a saakinah  in the same word, such as in: and and .

If the    saakinahor kasrah that precedes the are from a separate word, then there will not be tarqeeq of the if it has a or , as in: and .  You may notice that the letter in the last example is written in with the word, but it is a , or preposition in this case, and a separate word.  If there is a  voweled by other than a kasrah before the that has an accompanying dhammah or fat-hah there is no tarqeeq of the , such as in:


B. A saakin letter between the and the kasrah does not stop the from having tarqeeq, such as in: and ,  but an exception is made if the saakin letter is one of the letters of other than ; in this case, the would have tafkheem.   Examples of this last rule of tafkheem are:      .


C. The has tafkheem if it has any of the previous circumstances for tarqeeq in the recitation of Warsh in a foreign word ( ), such as , and   .


D. There is also tafkheem of the  in the recitation of Warsh if it is preceded by a kasrah, or preceded by a saakin occurring after a kasrah, but the is repeated with an alif in between the two . Examples are:       


E.  Warsh reads the word of aayah 7 from surah Al-Fajr with tafkheem on the .


F. There is tarqeeq of both when stopping and continuing in the word: in aayah 32 of surah Al-Mursalaat, in the recitation of Warsh.

G.  If the or the alif before a saakinah is read with imaalah, there is tarqeeq of the


H. Both tafkheem and tarqeeq of the   are allowed in the following words:

  2:200  , and 18:70, 83, 20:99 and 113, 21:48, 33:41, 37:3, and 168, 65:10,  77:5


    Al-Kahf (18:90)

Al-Furqan (25:22, 53)

      Al-Kahf (18:71)

      TaHa (20:100)

    Al-Furqan (25:45)


These six above words only have tafkheem of the when being read with (four vowel counts on ) the other two vowel counts for (two vowel counts and six vowel counts) have the same general rule as stated at the beginning, that of tarqeeq and tafkheem being allowed .

There is also both tafkheem and tarqeeq allowed on the word, Al-An’Aam (6:71) with no restrictions as to


H. Warsh has tafkheem of the if it is followed directly by a letter of , or indirectly (meaning an alif is in between) by a letter of , even if it meets the conditions of tarqeeq.  Examples are:       

The word in surah Ash-Shu'araa', aayah 63 though can be read with either tafkheem or tarqeeq of the


The following chart summarizes the rules of for the recitation of Warsh: