|Brief Grammar Lesson 3|
The term “nouns” is not an all encompassing term for the Arabic grammar term , but a brief explanation may help understand this part of speech. The definition of " " is:
A word that indicates a name, leading to the symbol without deriving benefit.
The term covers all objects animate and inanimate. It can be the proper name of a person, such as Muhammed, or a person in general, such as girl, boy, or can be a pronoun such as he or she. It can also be the name of kind of an animal (such as camel ), or a proper name of an animal, such as , the name of the Messenger’s camel, . It can be the name of a plant (date palm) or just a general plant term (tree). The term which as stated previously is the plural of , also covers inanimate objects such as , or moon, and the name or characteristic of any other thing. Included in this would be the terms this and that: ، .
There are indications that tell us that a word is an . These indications are not always present, but if they are present, there is no doubt that it is an .
Participles and Prepositions
These small words (usually just two letters) do not have a place in Arabic grammar conjugation, but may affect )but not necessarily) the noun or verb that follows them. These words are fixed in form and always look the same. Examples of that affect are: ، ، ، ،
Examples of that affect (verbs) are ، ، .
Examples of that may or may not affect the noun or verb that follows: