Two Alike, the Two Similar, the Two Close, and
the Two Far
Two Approximates to Each Other
That there is no separation between the articulation parts of the two
letters. Instead, they should use the same articulating part (i.e. the
tongue); or if they use two different articulation parts, there is no
separation between the two parts (as in the tip of the tongue and the lips).
The approximation of the two letters is a relative approximation,
whether they use the same articulation part or not.
This opinion is used most when the two letters have closeness in
characteristics, but not articulation points.
example of the two letters being close in articulation point and in
characteristics is the
These two letters have
their articulation points are quite close to each other (they both use the tip of the tongue in their articulation point).
They are close in characteristics, as they share all of the same
characteristics, except the characteristic of
which is exclusive to the
example is of the
in the word
letters close in articulation points but different in characteristics are
, demonstrated in the
Their closeness in articulation points is obvious, their differences in
characteristics are that the
three divisions, as the other groups of relationships do, they are:
The Two Small Close to