The Mudood (Lengthenings) Part 5
Required Attached Medd
It occurs when a hamzah follows a medd letter in the same word.
It is called (required)
all readers agree that this medd is required.
It is called
due to the attachment of the medd letter and the hamzah to the same
Its rule: It is lengthened four or five vowel counts.
the hamzah that follows the medd letter is the last letter of the word, and
the reader is stopping on the word (meaning the hamzah now has a presented
sukoon), the lengthening can be four or five counts, as mentioned, or six
counts. The reader who lengthens this medd six counts when stopping
on the hamzah is stopping on NOT
This medd will be explained in a few more lessons, and the concept of
two different medd at the same time will be discussed, insha’ Allah, in the
(stronger of two causes) section.
this above example, there is an alif, preceded by a fat-h, which all true
alifs are, then followed immediately by a hamzah in the same word.
this example, there are two required attached lengthenings in both the last
two words. First, there is a saakinah
preceded by a kasrah (meaning a medd letter), then there is a hamzah following
it in the same word, so we have a medd waajib mutasil ().
There is a tanween fat-h on the hamzah, and we know from a previous
lesson on ,
or substitution lengthening, that when there is a tanween fat-h and we are
stopping on the word, we substitute an alif for the tanween.
So when stopping on any of these two words, there would be first a four
or five count medd waajib mutasil, then there would be a two count alif for
with the hamzah as the last letter of the word
In these words, again there is a medd letter, in the first example the medd letter is an alif, in the second a . Both these medd letters are followed by a hamzah, which happens to be the last letter of the word. If we stop on this word, we can lengthen the medd four or five counts for the Required Attached Medd () OR we can lengthen the medd 6 counts as a different medd, The Presented Sukoon lengthening ().
are some copies of the Qur’an that do not write in hamzahs on alifs, instead
the alif is written with a vowel over it.
These are really hamzahs. Any
time there is a vowel on an alif, it is a hamzah.
An example of this kind of script is: