copyright 2002/03 abouttajweed.com, all rights reserved

Question

Assalamu Aleikum

May Allah reward you for your explanation regarding Hamzah al Wasl. I have a few questions I would like to ask.

1. In the Qur'an, there are letters that resemble a Hamzah al Wasl, but instead of having a small letter "Sad", they have a round shape (a little similar to the letter "o" of the English alphabet) for example in Surat 49 (Al-Hujuraat) verse 15 after " . Would you please tell me the name of this Hamzah (if it is one) and what is its role in the reading of the Qur'an (as far as stopping for instance)?

2. In surat 18 (Al-Kahf) verse 87, there is a (sort of) comma appearing after .  What is its name and does it (the comma) have a particular role in the recitation?  

May Allah help you and give you his Baraka and Grace inshallah

Ma Salam  

Answer

Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatu Allahi wa barakatuh.  

1. The alif in the example in the question is called alif tafreeq, it has no place in grammar and is not really part of the word, but it is written by the Arabs let indicate that it is the end of a word after a .  The symbol     is called  and whenever it is seen over a letter, we do not pronounce that letter in any case. 

 2.  The symbol in the second example,  is a small , and it indicates the lengthening of the dhammah on the , called .  If there is no hamzah after this  and we are continuing on to the next word in reading, when we see this mark we lengthen the dhammah of the  two vowel counts.  In other words, the dhammah becomes a . 

Jazakum Allahu khairan for the dua', and may Allah give you the same.  Wa assalaam alaikum wa rahmatu Allah.